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Diabetes Framework: Navigating the Diabetes Landscape on a Path Towards Better Health

Diabetes is a significant health concern in Canada, affecting over 3 million individuals, or 8.9% of the population. This chronic condition comes in various forms, with type 2 diabetes comprising 90% of cases, followed by type 1 diabetes at 9%, and gestational diabetes at less than 1%.


Despite advancements in healthcare, the prevalence of diabetes continues to rise, with an annual increase of 3.3%.


Framework for t2D

One notable aspect of diabetes is its disproportionate impact on certain communities. Racialized and marginalized groups are at a heightened risk of developing diabetes, reflecting broader health disparities within society. Furthermore, the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated these disparities, amplifying the challenges faced by individuals with diabetes and hindering access to essential care.


2021 marked the 100-year anniversary of the discovery of insulin, a groundbreaking achievement that revolutionized diabetes treatment and saved countless lives. In recognition of this milestone, the Government of Canada allocated $35 million towards diabetes research and prevention initiatives. This funding aims to bolster efforts to address diabetes and enhance support for individuals living with the condition.


The National Framework for Diabetes Act, enacted in 2021, represents a significant step forward in diabetes management and prevention. This framework focuses on improving access to diabetes prevention and treatment services nationwide, with input from stakeholders across various sectors. It encompasses six key components, including prevention, management, research, surveillance, knowledge sharing, and access to diabetes devices and financial support.


The framework is essential for guiding coordinated efforts to tackle the complex challenges of diabetes in Canada. By emphasizing principles like health equity and collaboration, it provides a roadmap for addressing prevention, management, and treatment of diabetes. Through research and innovation, the framework aims to drive advancements in diabetes care, while comprehensive data collection and surveillance ensure evidence-based decision-making. Additionally, the framework prioritizes access to essential resources and support services, aiming to reduce disparities and improve health outcomes for individuals living with diabetes nationwide.


Moving forward, it is imperative to continue advancing efforts to combat diabetes and promote better health outcomes for all Canadians. By prioritizing prevention, enhancing access to care, and fostering collaboration among stakeholders, we can work towards a future where diabetes no longer poses a barrier to overall well-being.



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